Starbound includes a number of useful Techs, which enhance your character in numerous ways. You are able to equip up to four Techs at a time. These Techs cannot be crafted, and instead have to be found, usually in chests.
Once you have a Tech, teleport to your ship and walk over to the Tech Station. There you'll be able to lock in up to four Techs at a time. Even though you have four locked in, you can only utilize one at a time.
Below is the list of in-game Techs that you're able to utilize once you find them.
Bubble Boost - Get a speed boost with a bubble when jumping.
Butterfly Boost - Much like bubble boost, you get a speed boost and glide in the air using butterflies.
Energy Dash - Double tap either left or right to give yourself a burst of speed.
Gravity Neutralizer - Double jump to active the ability to float into the sky.
Human Mech - By pressing F, you can deploy a mech to unleash chaos on your enemies.
Morphball - Become like Samus and turn into a small ball and roll places, using the F key.
Pulse Jump - Perform a double jump by double jumping.
Random Blink - By pressing F, you teleport to a random location.
Rocket Jump - By pressing Up and Jump, you launch yourself high into the air.
Skyrail Rider - Gives players the ability to ride on skyrails by jumping on them.
Gravity Bubble - Much like Gravity Neutralizer, players can ride a bubble into the sky until energy is depleted.
Targeted Blink - Teleport to a location marked by your mouse and then pressing F.